Dogs Need four basic items on a daily basis

Protein - vegetable proteins can be hard to digest, and some people prefer to use a dog food that contains mostly animal protein. Dogs need a minimum of 18% protein in their diet for maintenance when they are adults and between 22% - 32% for puppies. If your dog eats too much protein, some will be excreted in the urine and the rest will be used as calories or converted to fat and doesnt cause dogs any harm. However if your dog has a kidney problem, high protein diets are not recommended. Most pet food companies slightly exceed the minimum recommended protein requirements to ensure that dogs get adequate protein from their food. 

Fat - Adult dogs need a minimum of 5% fat in their diet - recommended guidelines are between 10 - 20% for an adult dog and 10 - 25% for puppies

Pregnant, Lactating, sick and debilitated dogs will require more protein and fat - Protein 28% - 35% and Fat at least 20%

Vitamins - Most complete dog foods provide all the necessary vitamins and nutrients your dog needs, but you should consult your vet if you have any doubts over your dogs vitamin intake.

Water - fresh clean water should be available at all times


Type of Food
Source of
Deficient in
MEATS - chicken, beef, lamb, turkey, rabbit
Protein, fat, some B minerals (cooking reduces B vitamins)
Calcium, Phosphorus, iodine, copper, fat, and biotin
Protein and fat
Calcium, Phosphorus, most trace minerals and vitamins
Protain, fat, vitamin B
Calcium, Phosphorus and minerals
Most nutritents
Iron - Large quantities of raw eggs can lead to a biotin deficiency
Protein and some B vitamins
Minerals - Thiaminase in fish can reduce vitamin B content indiet unless the fish is cooked.
Canned Fish (pilchards, sardines etc)
Protein and Fat
Minerals and vitamins


I am sure there are many that would debate the best food to feed our dogs until the cows come home, but if our dogs do well on what we feed them, they are happy, we are happy, and it suits our lifestyle, then that is all that matters.

My experience with Raw food HERE

Fruit and Vegetables can be given as a tasty treat or added to your dogs main meal.........Ensure you wash all fruit and remove the rinds, inedible skins, seeds and pits.

FRUIT - Apple, Apricot, Banana, Blueberries Cantaloupe,Mango, Oranges, Pear, Pineapple, Raspberries, Strawberries Watermelon

Do not feed Grapes and Raisins as they can cause kidney damange to dogs (and cats) - you should also avoid any citrus fruits ie: lemons, grapefruit and limes as they can cause and upset stomach.

VEGETABLES - Asparagus, Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Cucumber, Green beans, Lettuce, Pumpkin, Spinach, Sweet potato
(It is best to steam or boil broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage as they are easier to digest when cooked).

Never feed your dog onions or garlic as they are toxic in all forms: cooked, raw, and even onion powder.
These cause damage to the red blood cells, ultimately causing them to burst.

Rhubarb and wild mushrooms also contain toxins and there has been suggestions to avoid corn as it is a common allergen in dogs.


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